What is insulin? Insulin is a hormone that is secreted by the Beta cells of the pancreas, a gland located just behind the stomach. This hormone is responsible for the control of blood glucose levels. Glucose is a type of sugar that is found in many carbohydrates. When you have a meal, the digestive…

  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is the progressive loss of kidney function over months to years. In simple terms, chronic kidney disease basically means renal failure.   The kidneys are a pair of organs. These are the filtering organs on our body which keeps us healthy. This organ is found in the abdomen and is…

Diabetes mellitus is a state of chronic hyperglycemia that results from either an insulin deficiency, insulin resistance or both. There are several risk factors that have been identified. Presence of any of these risk factors increases the likelihood of a person to develop diabetes mellitus. The risk factors include: Family history Diabetes is a disease…

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease that is associated with high blood sugar as a result of insulin deficiency, insulin resistance or both. Chronic high blood sugar levels may result in long term damage, dysfunction and failure of organs such as the kidneys, heart, blood vessels, nerves and eyes. The normal function of insulin in…

What is it? This is a common condition of the skin. It is mainly seen in women especially those above 30 years. In United States, nearly 16 million people are affected with this condition and nearly 45 million are affected worldwide. The most commonly affected age group is between 30 to 50 years. This skin…

What is methotrexate? Methotrexate is a drug that is only issued with a prescription. It is known to be cytotoxic. This means that it kills all cells that are undergoing cell division. Methotrexate is available in four forms: Injectable IV solution, Self-injectable solution, oral tablet and oral solution. Uses of methotrexate This drug is used…

Rheumatoid arthritis is defined as a chronic, inflammatory multisystemic disease with the main aim being the synovium. There is severe inflammation of the joints associated with rheumatoid arthritis and thus have the potential to destroy cartilage and result in bony erosions. This eventually would deform the joint. The joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis is usually…

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