COPD is a common lung disease. When a person has it, it is very common to have the difficulty of breathing.

Two main forms of COPD

* Emphysema: lung damage

* Chronic bronchitis: long term productive cough or with mucus


The main cause is due to smoking. This is a risk factor but not all those who smoke gets it.

There are also rare instances when nonsmokers who have insufficient alpha-1 antitrypsin (protein) may have emphysema later in life.

Other risk factors include gases/fumes exposure, heavy exposure to pollution or second-hand smoke and frequent cooking in fire without proper ventilation.



Coughing (dry or with mucus)

Respiratory infections


Shortness of breathing

Difficulty to catch one’s breath

Treatment options

No cure can be given to COPD. The only way to get it done is to minimize its symptoms.

Some medicines used for treating COPD:

Anti-inflammatory drugs

Quick-relief drugs

Long term antibiotics


Read here to learn more

  1. April 25, 2019

    I have pleased to read this post. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. Thank you so much.

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