Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the digestive tract, which then leads to abdominal cramping and pain, fatigue, diarrhea, weight loss, and malnutrition. It was named after Dr. Burrill B. Crohn, who first described its symptoms in 1932 together with two other colleagues. Crohn’s disease-caused inflammations can attack several different areas of the digestive tract in different persons.
Some common symptoms of Crohn’s disease include:
• Frequent and severe diarrhea
• Anal bleeding
• Sudden weight loss
• Abdominal cramping
• Pain in the abdominal area
• Low energy
• Loss of appetite
This is a potentially serious disease. Digestive tract inflammations can cause serious health complications such as perforation of the intestinal wall (appearance of holes), abscesses (pockets of infection), and fistulas or abnormal connections between the digestive system and other parts of the body.
In many cases, Crohn’s disease and its complications can be tamed with medication and surgery. It is not generally considered a fatal condition, but this doesn’t mean that a person with Crohn’s disease won’t die from disease-related causes, it just means this is not common.