The condition where the foot or feet of the newborn seem to be rotated internally at the ankle, he or she has clubfoot.

This condition is when the foot points inwards and downwards while the soles face each other.

The other term is congenital equinovarus (CTEV), or talipes equinovarus (TEV). Almost 50% of all cases affect both feet.

Symptoms of infants:

* The heel is positioned inward and the arch is more pronounced

* The top part of the foot is twisted inwards and downwards

* Foot may seem upside downward for severe cases

Risk factors

Genetics: If the firstborn of a couple has clubfoot, it is likely for the preceding babies will also have a similar condition.

Gender: As compared to females, males are more likely to develop clubfoot.


The cause is unknown but genetic factors played a huge role.


Without treatment, the condition may not improve. Treatment must be done on the first weeks of birth.

Read more here

  1. May 27, 2019

    Most babies who are born with clubfoot are healthy in all other ways; about 1 in 3 of them have it in both feet. Clubfoot doesn’t cause pain, but if it’s not treated, it can make it hard for a child to walk without a limp. It’s easy to correct in most cases, so most children don’t have long-lasting effects. Even sometimes nonsurgical treatments, such as casting are applied to correct clubfoot.

  2. June 11, 2019

    Helpful stuff! Clubfoot is a birth defect that makes one or both of a baby’s feet point down and turn in. The well-treated clubfoot is no handicap and is fully compatible with a normal, active life. Clubfoot, or talipes equinovarus, is a treatable birth defect that affects approximately 150,000-200,000 children each year. Thank you so much!

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