Fibromyalgia is a condition that affects the muscles and joints mainly. It is a collection of signs and symptoms and this diagnosis is made after ruling out all the possible causes for the presentation.
How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?
Earlier, fibromyalgia was diagnosed using 18 different areas of the patient’s body which would cause pain when palpated. But now the method of diagnosis is different.
For this condition to be diagnosed, the patient should experience pain for at least 3 months or more, fatigue, waking up feeling not refreshed and cognitive symptoms such as problems with memory and understanding. However, unfortunately, most of this period, patients spend their time doctor shopping; Patients go from one doctor to another looking for a correct diagnosis.
The pain that a patient feels is checked over nineteen areas on the body and a score is given between 0 and 19. Fatigue, waking up feeling not refreshes and cognitive symptoms are also scored depending on how bad they are and are given a score between 0 and 4. Next, somatic symptoms such as a headache, dizziness, insomnia, and constipation are considered and a score between 0 and 4 is given. Once the score is obtained, a diagnosis of fibromyalgia is made. However, before any of this, other similar conditions should be excluded.