Fibromyalgia is a condition that affects the muscles and joints mainly. It is a collection of signs and symptoms and this diagnosis is made after ruling out all the possible causes for the presentation.
Fibromyalgia syndrome is not a welcoming diagnosis. Even though it can be effectively managed, there is no cure for this condition.
Management of fibromyalgia can be categorized into non-pharmacological (one without an introduction to medicine) and pharmacological (with an introduction to medicine). It is important that both these methods are utilized when managing patients with fibromyalgia.
Various drugs are used in the treatment of fibromyalgia but one of the main drugs used are antidepressants. Usually, antidepressants are given for patients to treat low mood but in fibromyalgia, these drugs help to reduce the pain. These drugs should be continued for a long period of time to get best results. Some of the common antidepressants used in the treatment are Amitryptilline and Duloxetine.
Neuropathic drugs such as gabapentin and pregabalin are also commonly used in the treatment. These drugs will change how we perceive pain. They are initially started with a low dose and then gradually increased depending on how the response is.
Nonpharmacological methods include exercise, yoga, physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Good sleep hygiene techniques should also be practiced which has a mutual improvement in their sleep.