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The exact cause of Guillain-Barre syndrome isn’t known. The disorder usually appears days or weeks after a respiratory or digestive tract infection. Rarely, recent surgery or immunization can trigger Guillain-Barre syndrome. Recently, there have been a few cases reported following infection with the Zika virus.

In Guillain-Barre syndrome, your immune system — which usually attacks only invading organisms — begins attacking the nerves. In AIDP, the most common form of Guillain-Barre syndrome in the U.S., the nerves’ protective covering (myelin sheath) is damaged. The damage prevents nerves from transmitting signals to your brain, causing weakness, numbness or paralysis.

Types
Once thought to be a single disorder, Guillain-Barre syndrome is now known to occur in several forms. The main types are:

1. Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP), the most common form in the U.S. The most common sign of AIDP is muscle weakness that starts in the lower part of your body and spreads upward.
2. Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS), in which paralysis starts in the eyes. MFS is also associated with an unsteady gait. MFS occurs in about 5 percent of people with Guillain-Barre syndrome in the U.S. but is more common in Asia.
3. Acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) and acute motor-sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN) are less common in the U.S. But AMAN and AMSAN are more frequent in China, Japan, and Mexico.

Source: Mayoclinic

  1. March 17, 2019

    Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare but serious autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks healthy nerve cells in your peripheral nervous system. The cause of this condition is unknown, but it’s typically triggered by an infectious illness, such as the stomach flu or a lung infection. There’s no cure for the syndrome, but treatment can reduce the severity of your symptoms and shorten the duration of the illness.

  2. March 22, 2019

    This is an amazing write-up! The exact cause of Guillain-Barre syndrome isn’t known. The disorder usually appears days or weeks after a respiratory or digestive tract infection. Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare but serious autoimmune disease of the peripheral nervous system. Thank you so much and keep posting things like this.

  3. March 30, 2019

    This syndrome is a rare disease in which your body’s immune system attacks your nerves. Weakness and tingling in your extremities are usually the first symptoms. In its most severe cases Guillain-Barre syndrome can be a medical emergency

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