The long summer days are here and everyone is looking forward to spending long hours in the outdoors. Whether it is a barbecue party, bathing in the sun, or swimming in the ocean, caution must be taken when dealing with extreme temperatures.
A heat stroke, or a sunstroke, is a serious heat-related illness that should be addressed immediately to avoid severe complications such as seizures, brain damage, kidney damage, and even coma. Symptoms of a heat stroke include flushed skin, high body temperature, dizziness, headache, nausea, confusion, and muscle cramps.
Managing a heat stroke although simple should be initiated immediately once someone starts to show the symptoms. Some of the ways to treat a sunstroke include:
– Move the person indoors or in a cool, shady area.
– Remove their clothing and apply ice on their head, armpits, neck, and back only if the heat stroke is brought on by vigorous exercise. Applying ice in any other condition is dangerous and could cause further complications.
– If possible, immerse the person in a tub of cool water.
– Get the person to drink lots of water and fluids (avoid caffeine and alcohol).
If the person suffering from the heat stroke does not improve within 30 minutes, it is recommended that they are moved to a hospital.
If you must go outdoors in extreme temperatures, make sure you wear lightweight, loose clothes, drink plenty of water, apply sunscreen, and wear a protective hat.