Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction with a rapid onset that may cause death. It usually includes more than one of the following: shortness of breath, an itchy rash, throat or tongue swelling, vomiting, light-headedness, low blood pressure, among others. The symptoms usually come several minutes to several hours.
Common anaphylaxis causes include insect stings, different foods, and medications, latex exposure and even strenuous exercise.
If you find yourself close to someone who is experiencing anaphylaxis, you should:
• Call 911 immediately
• Make sure they can breathe
• Make sure their clothes is loose
• Lie a person on their back
• See if they have an adrenaline (epinephrine) auto-injector and help them
• Try to calm a person
• Raise their feet 12 inches and put a blanket on them
• If a person is vomiting or bleeding move them to their side
The sooner the person gets their adrenaline, the better. Avoid giving a person anything to drink, or lifting their head, especially if they’re having trouble breathing.