Japanese encephalitis is a disease that can spread through bites of mosquito. The symptoms can usually take 5-15 days to develop ad it includes headache, fever, confusion, vomiting, and difficulty to move. Later on, swelling around the brain and even coma can develop. This is a dreaded disease which can lead to death when left untreated.

How to prevent it

There is a vaccine to prevent JE. It is best to get the vaccine before going to places with the known spread of the mosquito bite. The vaccine is given in 2 doses with a month apart. Prior to getting exposed, it is best to have the last dose at least 10 days.

Aside from the vaccine, it is also best to ensure that the skin is well covered or protected by wearing pants, long sleeves and applying mosquito repellent lotion.

When bitten

Use calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream can help reduce the itch. It is not advisable to scratch the mosquito bites.

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  1. April 28, 2019

    Japanese encephalitis virus JEV is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. It is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, and belongs to the same genus as dengue, yellow fever and West Nile viruses. It is a virus spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes. It’s more common in rural and agricultural areas. Most cases are mild. Rarely, it causes serious brain swelling with a sudden headache, high fever and disorientation.

  2. May 14, 2019

    Helpful article! Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an infection of the brain caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). This occurs about 5 to 15 days after infection. JEV is generally spread by mosquitoes, specifically those of the Culex type. Pigs and wild birds serve as a reservoir for the virus. Thanks for the posting!

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