Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis syndrome is a condition in which the muscle called piriformis — the small one in the buttock region — spasms and causes pain in the buttock area, lower back, and even the whole leg at times. This muscle also often irritates the sciatic nerve located nearby and causes numbness and tingling, and sometimes severe pain along the back of the leg and into the foot, similar to what happens with sciatic pain, another conditions which piriformis syndrome is often confused with.

Piriformis is a small muscle located behind the gluteus maximus. It starts at the lower spine and connects to the left and right femur, better known as the thigh bones. This muscle helps in the hip rotation and turning the leg outwards.

The pain in the buttocks is most often caused by macrotrauma in the buttock area, muscle spasms, and inflammation of soft tissue. Microtrauma may occur from overuse of the muscle, most commonly in those who walk long distances, and runners.

  1. August 23, 2017

    Piriformis syndrome usually starts with pain, tingling, or numbness in the buttocks. Pain may also be triggered while climbing stairs, applying firm pressure directly over the piriformis muscle, or sitting for long periods of time.

  2. October 14, 2017

    I often us foam roller to ease my piriformis syndrome. I do it in a way that I sit on a foam roller with my ischial tuberosity (sit bones) and bring my right foot on top of my left knee. Then i shift my weight on my right butt cheek and roll the foam roller bellow my sit bone to above the bone. It helps, I swear.

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