Screening for Reye’s syndrome begins with blood and urine tests, as well as testing for fatty acid oxidation disorders, and other metabolic disorders. Sometimes more invasive diagnostic tests are needed to evaluate other possible causes or liver problems and investigate any neurological abnormalities.
Reye’s syndrome is usually treated in hospital. Severe cases may be treated in the intensive care unit. The hospital staff will closely monitor your child’s blood pressure and other vital signs. Specific treatment may include:
Treatment of Reye’s syndrome includes:
1. Receiving intravenous fluids. Glucose and an electrolyte solution may be given through an intravenous (IV) line.
2. Diuretics. They’re used to decrease intracranial pressure and increase fluid loss through urination.
3. Medications to prevent bleeding. Bleeding because of the liver abnormalities may require treatment with vitamin K, plasma, and platelets. If your child has difficulties breathing, they may need assistance from a breathing machine (ventilator).
The exact cause of Reye’s syndrome is still not known, but the condition most commonly affects children and young adults recovering from a viral infection – typically the flu, cold, or chickenpox. In most cases, aspirin has been used to treat their symptoms, so aspirin may trigger Reye’s syndrome.