Frostbite is a condition which occurs when the body is exposed to low temperatures which then causes freezing of the skin or other tissues. One of the first symptoms of frostbite is usually numbness of the fingers. This is often followed by clumsiness. The skin turns white or bluish.
The parts of the body commonly affected by frostbite include hands, feet, and face. Complications may include compartment syndrome and hypothermia. The early stage of frostbite is known as frostnip and includes pins and needles, as well as throbbing or pain in the affected area. You may even feel a tingling sensation. This stage of frostbite often affects those who live in cold climates.
Unless it’s completely necessary, the person with frostbite should not walk on frostbitten feet. Never rewarm the skin until you find yourself in a place or a situation that allows you to keep you warm. Re-exposing the area affected by frostbite to cold air can cause even worse damage. Gently rub the affected area in warm water (it should never be hot) or with a warm washcloth until the skin is red and warm again.
It is possible to die from frostbite, but it occurs rarely. When people die from frostbite, it’s usually due to some complication such as gangrene, or the decay of the infected tissue.