Minor infections on the tongue are nothing uncommon, even though we dislike them as they can cause discomfort and irritation. Inflamed papillae, commonly known as taste buds, are small, painful bumps that appear soon after irritation from hot foods or a bite. A canker sore is another common cause of pain on or under the tongue.
Candida is a common organism in people’s mouths, but sometimes it can overgrow and cause a variety of painful symptoms. Oral thrush may cause creamy white lesions, usually on the tongue or inner cheeks. The thrush is a minor problem if a person is healthy and well, but if your immune system has weakened, symptoms may be more severe and difficult to control.
When it comes to pain and problems in your mouth, stick out the tongue and look it carefully in the mirror. A healthy tongue is pink and covered with papillae (small nodules). Any deviation from your tongue’s regular appearance or any pain may be cause for concern.