The more common or generic name of velcade is bortezomib. It is a drug intended for cancer treatment. It is used for treating some types of cancer like mantle cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Just like the test of the cancer drugs available, it works by stopping or somewhat slowing the spread and growth of cancer cells in the patient’s body.
Ways to use it
It is available in vial and thus can be given through injections. Only health care professionals should inject it as it is directly injected into the vein or under the skin. It is advisable that the site of injection is changed each time if it is given under the skin to minimize the injury. The dose will depend on the condition of the patient, lab tests, body size and individual response to the treatment.
The medicine may increase the risk of dehydration. It is best to stay well hydrated by increasing fluid intake while the treatment process is ongoing.
During the process of treatment, there may be nausea, dizziness, lightheadedness, diarrhea, loss of appetite, redness or pain on injection site and weakness. There are instances when diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting can be severe. Doctors may prescribe medicine to control those symptoms as well.
The drug has the tendency to rapidly destruct cancer cells thus causing the side effects. In order to minimize the risk, drinking plenty of water may be suggested.
Prior to taking the drug, it is best to check if you are allergic to any of the ingredients. The doctor must also be aware of any other allergies as well. Aside from that, the doctor needs to assess current and past medical history. In particular, kidney disease, liver conditions, nerve problems, bleeding disorder, heart disease, diabetes and recent or current infections must be reported to the doctor.
Pregnancy is also highly contraindicated for this medication. The doctor should also be informed if the patient intends to get pregnant soon.
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